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Threepetal Bedstraw (Galium trifidum)

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Galium Trifidum, or more commonly know as Threepetal Bedstraw, is a vine forb/herb with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Galium. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 0.8 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is summer, blooms during early summer, is somewhat tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Galium Trifidum or Threepetal Bedstraw's floral region is North America US Lower 48 and Alaska, specifically in the states of Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Galium
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Order: Rubiales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Vine Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N) AK (N) CAN (N) GL (N) SPM (N)
  • State T/E Status: NJ (E)
  • State T/E Common Name: NJ (small bedstraw)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACW OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACW+) 2(NI) 3(FACW+) 4(OBL) 5(OBL) 6(FACW+) 7(FACW) 8(OBL) 9(FACW+) 0(OBL) A(FACW)
  • Active Growth Period: Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 0.8
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Decumbent
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: High
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: None
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 80
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 4.6
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 16
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 55
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 8
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -38
  • Bloom Period: Early Summer
  • Commercial Availability: No Known Source
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 500000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None


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