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Rough Bedstraw (Galium asprellum)

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Galium Asprellum, or more commonly know as Rough Bedstraw, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Galium. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 5.9 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is summer, blooms during indeterminate, is tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Galium Asprellum or Rough Bedstraw's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Galium
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Order: Rubiales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • State T/E Status: TN (SC)
  • State T/E Common Name: TN (rough bedstraw)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(OBL) 2(FACW+) 3(OBL)
  • Active Growth Period: Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Black
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 5.9
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Prostrate
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 120
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 30
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 50
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 14
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -33
  • Bloom Period: Indeterminate
  • Commercial Availability: No Known Source
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 500000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None


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