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Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)

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Sorghum Bicolor, or more commonly know as Sorghum, is a graminoid with green foliage and brown flowers of the genus Sorghum. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 4 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is summer and fall, blooms during late summer and is intolerant of shade. Sorghum Bicolor or Sorghum's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Monocot
  • Genus: Sorghum
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Order: Cyperales
  • Class: Liliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual
  • Growth Habit: Graminoid
  • Native Status: L48 (I) HI (I) PR (I) VI (I) CAN (I)
  • State Noxious Status: IA (SNW) IN (NW) MD (NW) NV (NW) OH (PNW) PA (NW)
  • State Noxious Common Name: IA (shattercane) IN (shattercane) MD (shatter cane wild cane) NV (perennial sweet Sudan) OH (shatter cane) PA (shattercane)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: N'EAST NE&GP STATE SWSS
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: UPL FAC
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(UPL) 2(FACU) 3(UPL) 4(NI) 6(FACU*) 7(UPL*) 8(FACU) 0(FAC*) C(NI*) H(FACU-)
  • Active Growth Period: Summer and Fall
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Rapid
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Low
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Brown
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Moderate
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Bunch
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 4
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: Moderate
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Fertility Requirement: High
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 90
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.5
  • pH (Maximum): 7.5
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 18
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 12
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 47
  • Bloom Period: Late Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 27280
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: Yes
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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