Grow Your Garden


Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)

  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Asa Gray | from Plates Prepared between the Years 1849 and 1859 to Accompany a Report on the Forest Trees of North America by Asa Gray. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1891 and reproduced at a beautiful online exhibit at LuEsther T. Mertz Library. They say All images are the property of the LuEsther T. Mertz Li... of The New York Botanical Garden. Don't believe 'em. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: A. Barra | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: A. Barra | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 500. | USDA | License: PD USDA
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Steve Hurst @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database | USDA | License: PD USDA
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: A. Barra | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Sydenham Teast Edwards | Plate 1018, Volume 12 of The Botanical Register consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic plants cultivated in British Gardens Published by J. Ridgway in London. | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Jean-Etienne Poirrie... | Physical tagging on ... | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Photo by and (c)2007 Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) | Own Picture. | License: GFDL-1.2
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Photo by and (c)2007 Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) | Own Picture. | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL-1.2
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Photo by and (c)2007 Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) | Own P icture. | License: GFDL-1.2
  • Red Buckeye (Aesculus Pavia) http://www.sagebud.com/red-buckeye-aesculus-pavia/
    Credit: Photo by and (c)2007 Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) | Own Picture. | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL-1.2
AEPA.jpg

Aesculus Pavia, or more commonly know as Red Buckeye, is a tree shrub with yellow-green foliage and red flowers of the genus Aesculus. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 30 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during late spring, is tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Aesculus Pavia or Red Buckeye's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Aesculus
  • Family: Hippocastanaceae
  • Order: Sapindales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (I)
  • State T/E Status: KY (T)
  • State T/E Common Name: KY (red buckeye)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FAC- FAC+
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FAC) 2(FAC) 3(FAC+) 6(FAC-)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: Yes
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Red
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Yellow-Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Yellow
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 12
  • Height Mature (feet): 30
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: Severe
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Medium
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 180
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 5
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 700
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 1100
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 36
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 65
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 20
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -3
  • Bloom Period: Late Spring
  • Commercial Availability: No Known Source
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 48
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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