Grow Your Garden


Common Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)

  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Giovanni Dall'Orto | Own work | License:
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Giovanni Dall'Orto | Own work | License:
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Giovanni Dall'Orto | Own work | License:
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Giovanni Dall'Orto | Own work | License:
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Giovanni Dall'Orto | Own work | License:
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Giovanni Dall'Orto | Own work | License:
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Giovanni Dall'Orto | Own work | License:
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Ildar Sagdejev (Specious) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Ildar Sagdejev (Specious) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Aseowo | Own work | License: PD
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: ??????? ???? | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Nic McPhee from Morris, MN, USA | A snack in the shade | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Nic McPhee from Morris, MN, USA | A snack in the shade | License: PDphotos.org
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Nic McPhee from Morris, MN, USA | A snack in the shade | License: PDphotos.org
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Photo: Andreas Praefcke | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Dyck, Anthonis van (1599(1599)–1641(1641))Alternative namesEnglish: Anthony van Dyck???????: ??? ????Date of birth/death22 March 1599(1599-03-22)9 December 1641(1641-12-09)Location of birth/deathDeutsch: AntwerpenEnglish: AntwerpFrançais : AnversItaliano: Anversa???????: ?????????English: LondonFrançais : LondresItaliano: Londra???????: ??????Work locationDeutsch: Antwerpen, Genua, London, St. PetersburgEnglish: Antwerp, Genoa, London, St. PetersburgFrançais : Anvers, Gênes, Londres, Saint-PétersbourgItaliano: Anversa, Genova, Londra, San Pietroburgo???????: ?????????, ??????, ??????, ?????-????????? | PhilipMould.com | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Dyck, Anthonis van (1599(1599)–1641(1641))Alternative namesEnglish: Anthony van Dyck???????: ??? ????Date of birth/death22 March 1599(1599-03-22)9 December 1641(1641-12-09)Location of birth/deathDeutsch: AntwerpenEnglish: AntwerpFrançais : AnversItaliano: Anversa???????: ?????????English: LondonFrançais : LondresItaliano: Londra???????: ??????Work locationDeutsch: Antwerpen, Genua, London, St. PetersburgEnglish: Antwerp, Genoa, London, St. PetersburgFrançais : Anvers, Gênes, Londres, Saint-PétersbourgItaliano: Anversa, Genova, Londra, San Pietroburgo???????: ?????????, ??????, ??????, ?????-????????? | PhilipMould.com | License: PD USDA ARS
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: (c)2006 Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) | Own Picture | License: GFDL-1.2
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Leandro Kibisz (Loco085) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Roman Zacharij | Own work | License: PD
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Ted Garvin | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Author Missing | Public domain image released on German CD "Chip Foto-Video 09-2005"Original image from http://www.bildtanks... | License: PD tag needs updating
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Author Missing | Public domain image released on German CD "Chip Foto-Video 09-2005"Original image from http://www.bildtanks... | License: PD tag needs updating
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Rjmp | selbs fotografiert von Rjmp | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Malene Thyssen | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Malene Thyssen | Own work | License: PD-Russia-2008
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Hedwig Sto rch | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Tim Bartel (avatar-1... Avatar at Commons from Hürth, Germany | originally posted to Flickr as Bienchen auf Sonnenb... | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: unknown | Deutsches Bundesarchiv (German Federal Archive), B 145 Bild-F016200-0... | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-DE
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Bartocha, Benno | Deutsches Bundesarchiv (German Federal Archive), Bild 183-Z1020-005 | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-DE
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Nitot | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Nitot | Own work | License: PD-Art (Yorck Project)
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Nitot | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: photographed by Michael Schönitzer | own work by Michael Schönitzer | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Dionysia | Self-published work by Dionysia | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Nic McPhee from Morris, MN, USA | Corn and sunflower (... | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: HendrixXx | selber fotografiert von HendrixXx | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Mschel | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Original uploader was Svik at bg.wikipedia | Transfered from bg.wikipedia | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: 3268zauber | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: TOTOGALPA | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: mairie | mairie | License: PD
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Mandy Passon from Pommersfelden, Germany | originally posted to Flickr as Field of Sunflower | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: BenAveling | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Dehaan | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Necocrief | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Dohduhdah | Own work | License: PD
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: László Németh (nl74), Hungary | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: László Németh (nl74), Hungary | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Hans-Simon Holtzbecker | scanned from book | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Hans-Simon Holtzbecker | scanned from book | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Hans-Simon Holtzbecker | scanned from book | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Vicent Ibáñez | Source Missing | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: José-Manuel Benito | Self work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Txeli Segué | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Txeli Segué | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: wikipu | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Victor Lozano | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Victor Lozano | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Victor Lozano | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Arjen van Reeven | originally posted to Flickr as IMG_8872 | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Arjen van Reeven | originally posted to Flickr as IMG_8872 | License: PD-Art (Yorck Project)
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Arjen van Reeven | originally posted to Flickr as IMG_8872 | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Miwasatoshi | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: User:Nino barbieri | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: User:Nino barbieri | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: User:Nino barbieri | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: User:Nino barbieri | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Lilly M | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Lilly M | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Zaka | Own work | License: PD
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: KENPEI | KENPEI's photo | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Opio?a Jerzy (Poland) | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Mike | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: KENPEI | KENPEI's photo | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: KENPEI | KENPEI's photo | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: KENPEI | KENPEI's photo | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: KENPEI | KENPEI's photo | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Jon Sullivan | pdphoto.org | License: PDphotos.org
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Rasbak | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Kajetan Dzier?anowsk... | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Ogrodnikk | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Ogrodnikk | Own work | License: PD other reasons
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Moyra Turkington | Own work | License: PD
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Moyra Turkington | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Thomas Quaritsch | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Thomas Quaritsch | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) http://www.sagebud.com/common-sunflower-helianthus-annuus
    Credit: Rasbak | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
HEAN3.jpg

Helianthus Annuus, or more commonly know as Common Sunflower, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Helianthus. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 9 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is summer, blooms during summer and is intolerant of shade. Helianthus Annuus or Common Sunflower's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico, specifically in the states of Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Helianthus
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Order: Asterales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N) AK (I) HI (I) PR (I) CAN (I) SPM (I)
  • State Noxious Status: IA (SNW)
  • State Noxious Common Name: IA (wild sunflower)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: NE&GP STATE SWSS WSWS
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: UPL FAC
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FAC-) 2(FAC-) 3(FAC-) 4(FACU) 5(FACU) 6(FAC) 7(FAC-) 8(FACU) 9(FACU+) 0(FAC-) A(FAC) C(UPL)
  • Active Growth Period: Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: None
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Moderate
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Blue
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 9
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 80
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.5
  • pH (Maximum): 7.8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 4800
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 11000
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 12
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 8
  • Salinity Tolerance: Low
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 52
  • Bloom Period: Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 46919
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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