Grow Your Garden


Burclover (Medicago polymorpha)

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Medicago Polymorpha, or more commonly know as Burclover, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with dark green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Medicago. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 2 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is fall winter and spring, blooms during winter and is intolerant of shade. Medicago Polymorpha or Burclover's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Alaska and Hawaii, specifically in the states of Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Medicago
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Order: Fabales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (I) AK (I) HI (I) CAN (I)
  • State Noxious Status: AZ (PNW RGNW)
  • State Noxious Common Name: AZ (burclover)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: STATE
  • Active Growth Period: Fall Winter and Spring
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: Low
  • C:N Ratio: Low
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Dark Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 2
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Nitrogen Fixation: High
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Prostrate
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: None
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: None
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.9
  • pH (Maximum): 6.9
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 35
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 12
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 37
  • Bloom Period: Winter
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 170400
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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