West Indian Mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)

  • West Indian Mahogany (Swietenia Mahagoni)
    Credit: J.M.Garg | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • West Indian Mahogany (Swietenia Mahagoni)
    Credit: J.M.Garg | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • West Indian Mahogany (Swietenia Mahagoni)
    Credit: J.M.Garg | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL

Swietenia Mahagoni, or more commonly know as West Indian Mahogany, is a tree with green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Swietenia. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 60 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring, blooms during late spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Swietenia Mahagoni or West Indian Mahogany's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands, specifically in the states of Florida and Hawaii.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Swietenia
  • Family: Meliaceae
  • Order: Sapindales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (N) HI (I) PR (N) VI (N)
  • State T/E Status: FL (T)
  • State T/E Common Name: FL (mahogany)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: None
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Rhizomatous
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 82
  • Height Mature (feet): 60
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 365
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • pH (Minimum): 6
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 320
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 640
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 23
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 32
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 36
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 40
  • Bloom Period: Late Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Winter
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Winter
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 7260
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Moderate

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