Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)

  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia Virginica)
    Credit: Huwmanbeing | Own work | License: PD
  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia Virginica)
    Credit: Huwmanbeing | Own work | License: PD-author
  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia Virginica)
    Credit: Christian Hummert (Ixitixel) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia Virginica)
    Credit: Christian Hummert (Ixitixel) | Own work | License: PD USDA
  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia Virginica)
    Credit: Marco Schmidt [1] | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia Virginica)
    Credit: Kaldari | Own work | License: PD
  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia Virginica)
    Credit: Kaldari | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0

Mertensia Virginica, or more commonly know as Virginia Bluebells, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and blue flowers of the genus Mertensia. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 2.3 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring, blooms during spring and is tolerant of shade. Mertensia Virginica or Virginia Bluebells's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Mertensia
  • Family: Boraginaceae
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • State T/E Status: MI (T) NY (EV)
  • State T/E Common Name: MI (Virginia bluebells) NY (Virginia bluebells)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ FACW
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACW) 2(FAC+) 3(FACW) 5(FACW)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Blue
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 2.3
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: High
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 4.5
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 3450
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 19360
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 26
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 54
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 4
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -28
  • Bloom Period: Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 225000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None

Browse Plants by State

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