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Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata)

  • Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata) https://www.sagebud.com/shortleaf-pine-pinus-echinata/
    Credit: Stickpen | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0-US
  • Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata) https://www.sagebud.com/shortleaf-pine-pinus-echinata/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 58. | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata) https://www.sagebud.com/shortleaf-pine-pinus-echinata/
    Credit: Paul A. Mistretta, USDA Forest Service |
    This image is at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.
    | License: CC-BY-3.0-US
  • Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata) https://www.sagebud.com/shortleaf-pine-pinus-echinata/
    Credit: Paul A. Mistretta, USDA Forest Service |
    This image is at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.
    | License: PD US FWS
  • Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata) https://www.sagebud.com/shortleaf-pine-pinus-echinata/
    Credit: Pinus_echinata_USFWS.jpg: - User:MPFderivative work: Minnecologies (talk) 13:29, 24 June 2009 (UTC) | Pinus_echinata_USFWS... | License:
  • Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata) https://www.sagebud.com/shortleaf-pine-pinus-echinata/
    Credit: Aylmer Bourke Lambert (17611842) | http://books.google.... | License: PD Old
  • Shortleaf Pine (Pinus Echinata) https://www.sagebud.com/shortleaf-pine-pinus-echinata/
    Credit: Aylmer Bourke Lambert (17611842) | http://books.google.... | License: PD US USDA FS
PIEC2.jpg

Pinus Echinata, or more commonly know as Shortleaf Pine, is a tree with green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Pinus. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 100 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during mid spring and is intolerant of shade. Pinus Echinata or Shortleaf Pine's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.

  • Category: Gymnosperm
  • Genus: Pinus
  • Family: Pinaceae
  • Order: Pinales
  • Class: Pinopsida
  • Division: Coniferophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • State T/E Status: IL (E)
  • State T/E Common Name: IL (shortleaf pine)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 60
  • Height Mature (feet): 100
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Conical
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 180
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 4
  • pH (Maximum): 6
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 430
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 1200
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 34
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 65
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 24
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -18
  • Bloom Period: Mid Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 48000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None


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