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Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea)

  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Forest & Kim Sta... | Plants of Hawaii, Image 020702-9003 from http://www.hear.org/... | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Jacob Sturm (?) | scanned from book 31 jan 2009 | License: PD Old
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Kristian Peters -- Fabelfroh 14:37, 27 June 2007 (UTC) | photographed by Kristian Peters | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Frank Vincentz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Lilly M | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Franz Xaver | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Franz Xaver | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Dominique Jacquin | Dominique Jacquin | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Hippolye Coste (1858-1924) | Scanned from the aforementioned book | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Steve Hurst | http://plants.usda.g... | License: PD USDA NRCS
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: PD Old
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea) https://www.sagebud.com/reed-canarygrass-phalaris-arundinacea/
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
PHAR3.jpg

Phalaris Arundinacea, or more commonly know as Reed Canarygrass, is a graminoid with green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Phalaris. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 5 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring summer fall, blooms during late spring and is intolerant of shade. Phalaris Arundinacea or Reed Canarygrass's floral region is North America US Lower 48 and Alaska, specifically in the states of Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Monocot
  • Genus: Phalaris
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Order: Cyperales
  • Class: Liliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Graminoid
  • Native Status: L48 (N) AK (I?) CAN (N) SPM (N)
  • State Noxious Status: CT (INB) MA (P) WA (CCW)
  • State Noxious Common Name: CT (reed canary grass) MA (reed canary-grass) WA (reed canarygrass)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: N'EAST NE&GP SEEPPC STATE SWSS WI WSWS
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACW OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACW+) 2(OBL) 3(FACW+) 4(FACW+) 5(FACW+) 6(FACW+) 7(OBL) 8(OBL) 9(FACW) 0(OBL) A(OBL)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring Summer Fall
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Moderate
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Black
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Rhizomatous
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 5
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: Yes
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: Slight
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: High
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: High
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 120
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 5.5
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 2700
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 4800
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 30
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 65
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 14
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -38
  • Bloom Period: Late Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 537920
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Rapid





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