Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata)

  • Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne Calyculata)
    Credit: B.gliwa | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne Calyculata)
    Credit: bernd gliwa | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne Calyculata)
    Credit: Borealis55 20:32, 16 November 2007 (UTC) | my own work | License: PD

Chamaedaphne Calyculata, or more commonly know as Leatherleaf, is a shrub with yellow-green foliage and white flowers of the genus Chamaedaphne. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 4 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during early spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Chamaedaphne Calyculata or Leatherleaf's floral region is North America US Lower 48 and Alaska, specifically in the states of Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Chamaedaphne
  • Family: Ericaceae
  • Order: Ericales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N) AK (N) CAN (N) SPM (N)
  • State T/E Status: IL (T) MD (T)
  • State T/E Common Name: IL (leatherleaf) MD (leatherleaf)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACW OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(OBL) 2(OBL) 3(OBL) A(FACW)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: Yes
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Yellow-Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Rhizomatous
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 4
  • Height Mature (feet): 4
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Irregular
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 110
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 5
  • pH (Maximum): 6
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 100
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 400
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 35
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 70
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 8
  • Salinity Tolerance: Low
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -28
  • Bloom Period: Early Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Low
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 96000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No

Related Plants

Browse Plants by State

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming