Blue Grama (Bouteloua gracilis)

  • Blue Grama (Bouteloua Gracilis)
    Credit: SEWilco | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Blue Grama (Bouteloua Gracilis)
    Credit: SEWilco | Own work | License: PD US NPS
  • Blue Grama (Bouteloua Gracilis)
    Credit: Pethan | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Blue Grama (Bouteloua Gracilis)
    Credit: KENPEI | KENPEI's photo | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Blue Grama (Bouteloua Gracilis)
    Credit: KENPEI | KENPEI's photo | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Blue Grama (Bouteloua Gracilis)
    Credit: Copyright by Curtis Clark, licensed as noted | Photography by Curtis Clark | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Blue Grama (Bouteloua Gracilis)
    Credit: Steve Hurst | http://plants.usda.g... | License: PD USDA ARS

Bouteloua Gracilis, or more commonly know as Blue Grama, is a graminoid with gray-green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Bouteloua. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 1 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is summer and fall, blooms during early summer and is intolerant of shade. Bouteloua Gracilis or Blue Grama's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Monocot
  • Genus: Bouteloua
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Order: Cyperales
  • Class: Liliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Graminoid
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • State T/E Status: IL (E)
  • State T/E Common Name: IL (blue grama)
  • Active Growth Period: Summer and Fall
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Rapid
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Gray-Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Bunch
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 1
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 145
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 6.6
  • pH (Maximum): 8.4
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 8
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 22
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 16
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -38
  • Bloom Period: Early Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 724400
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None

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