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Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans)

  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Original uploader was Codiferous at en.wikipedia | Transferred from en.wikipedia; Transfer was stated to be made by User:IKAl. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL GFDL-en
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ulf Mehlig | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ulf Mehlig | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ulf Mehlig | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ulf Mehlig | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ulf Mehlig | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ulf Mehlig | Own work | License: PD US Government
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ianaré Sévi | Own work by uploader | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Ianaré Sévi | Own work by uploader | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Original uploader was Andrewtappert at en.wikipedia | Transferred from en.wikipedia; Transfer was stated to be made by User:IKAl. | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Louise Wolff (darina) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Louise Wolff (darina) | Deutsch: selbst fotografiertEnglish: own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: IKAl | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia Germinans) https://www.sagebud.com/black-mangrove-avicennia-germinans
    Credit: Umehlig | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
AVGE.jpg

Avicennia Germinans, or more commonly know as Black Mangrove, is a tree shrub with dark green foliage and white flowers of the genus Avicennia. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 30 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is year round, blooms during early summer and is intolerant of shade. Avicennia Germinans or Black Mangrove's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands, specifically in the states of Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Avicennia
  • Family: Verbenaceae
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N) PR (N) VI (N)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 2(OBL) 6(OBL) C(OBL)
  • Active Growth Period: Year Round
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate
  • Allelopath: Yes
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: Yes
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Dark Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Green
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 50
  • Height Mature (feet): 30
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Vase
  • Toxicity: Slight
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Medium
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 365
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 6
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 320
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 640
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 34
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 81
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 24
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 32
  • Bloom Period: Early Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed Spread Rate: Rapid
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None





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