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Black Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum)

  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Carl Axel Magnus Lindman (1856-1928) | ęBilder ur Nordens F... | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Ante Aikio | Own work | License: PD
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Panek | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Panek | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Panek | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Panek | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: de:User:Jutta234 | self taken foto | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Willow | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Willow | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: B.gliwa | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Opio?a Jerzy | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Empetrum_nigrum_a1.jpg: Opio?a Jerzyderivative work: bff (talk) | Empetrum_nigrum_a1.j... | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Opio?a Jerzy | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Kenraiz, Krzysztof Ziarnek | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Steve Hurst | http://plants.usda.g... | License: PD USDA NRCS
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Figure from Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen at http://www.biolib.de | License: PD Old
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Figure from Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen at http://www.biolib.de | License: PD Old
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Sten Porse Mosepors at da.wikipedia | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Black Crowberry (Empetrum Nigrum) https://www.sagebud.com/black-crowberry-empetrum-nigrum
    Credit: Willow | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
EMNI.jpg

Empetrum Nigrum, or more commonly know as Black Crowberry, is a subshrub shrub with green foliage and purple flowers of the genus Empetrum. It has a slow growth rate and a height of 1 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is summer and fall, blooms during mid summer and is intolerant of shade. Empetrum Nigrum or Black Crowberry's floral region is North America US Lower 48 and Alaska, specifically in the states of Alaska, California, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, Vermont and Washington.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Empetrum
  • Family: Empetraceae
  • Order: Ericales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Subshrub Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N) AK (N) CAN (N) GL (N) SPM (N)
  • State T/E Status: MI (T) MN (E)
  • State T/E Common Name: MI (black crowberry) MN (black crowberry)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACU FACW
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACW) 3(FACW-) 9(FAC) 0(FACU) A(FAC)
  • Active Growth Period: Summer and Fall
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Purple
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Moderate
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Black
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Stoloniferous
  • Growth Rate: Slow
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 1
  • Height Mature (feet): 1
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Prostrate
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 90
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Low
  • pH (Minimum): 4.3
  • pH (Maximum): 7.8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 700
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 1700
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 16
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 55
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 16
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -43
  • Bloom Period: Mid Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Slow




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