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Arizona Madrone (Arbutus arizonica)

Arizona Madrone (Arbutus Arizonica) http://www.sagebud.com/arizona-madrone-arbutus-arizonica/
Credit: Kretyen at Flickr | Flickr | License: CC-BY-2.0
ARAR2.jpg

Arbutus Arizonica, or more commonly know as Arizona Madrone, is a tree with dark green foliage and white flowers of the genus Arbutus. It has a slow growth rate and a height of 45 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring summer fall, blooms during late spring, is intolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Arbutus Arizonica or Arizona Madrone's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Arizona and New Mexico.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Arbutus
  • Family: Ericaceae
  • Order: Ericales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring Summer Fall
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Dark Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Red
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Slow
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 20
  • Height Mature (feet): 45
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Rounded
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 290
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: Low
  • pH (Minimum): 6.4
  • pH (Maximum): 8.4
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 300
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 700
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 6
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 12
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 48
  • Salinity Tolerance: Low
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 7
  • Bloom Period: Late Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Contracting Only
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 2000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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