Grow Your Garden


Winter Vetch (Vicia villosa)

  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Carl Axel Magnus Lindman (1856-1928) | «Bilder ur Nordens F... | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Dawn Endico from Menlo Park, California | Hairy VetchUploaded by PDTillman | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Martin Cilenšek | Scan from Naše škodljive rastl... (1892) | License: PD Old
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Martin Cilenšek | Scan from Naše škodljive rastl... (1892) | License:
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Martin Cilenšek | Scan from Naše škodljive rastl... (1892) | License:
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Martin Cilenšek | Scan from Naše škodljive rastl... (1892) | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Martin Cilenšek | Scan from Naše škodljive rastl... (1892) | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Martin Cilenšek | Scan from Naše škodljive rastl... (1892) | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Martin Cilenšek | Scan from Naše škodljive rastl... (1892) | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Franz Xaver | selbst fotografiert - my own photo | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Franz Xaver | selbst fotografiert - my own photo | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Franz Xaver | selbst fotografiert - my own photo | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: PD Old
  • Winter Vetch (Vicia Villosa) http://www.sagebud.com/winter-vetch-vicia-villosa/
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
VIVI.jpg

Vicia Villosa, or more commonly know as Winter Vetch, is a vine forb/herb with green foliage and purple flowers of the genus Vicia. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 1.5 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is fall winter and spring, blooms during early spring and is intolerant of shade. Vicia Villosa or Winter Vetch's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Alaska and Hawaii, specifically in the states of Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Vicia
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Order: Fabales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual Biennial Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Vine Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (I) AK (I) HI (I) CAN (I)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: N'EAST SWSS WSWS
  • Active Growth Period: Fall Winter and Spring
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • C:N Ratio: Low
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: Yes
  • Flower Color: Purple
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 1.5
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Nitrogen Fixation: High
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Columnar
  • Toxicity: Slight
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 6
  • pH (Maximum): 7.5
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 18
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 65
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 6
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -30
  • Bloom Period: Early Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 16320
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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