Grow Your Garden


White Willow (Salix alba)

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    Credit: Fritz Geller-Grimm | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
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SAAL2.jpg

Salix Alba, or more commonly know as White Willow, is a tree with green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Salix. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 70 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during early spring and is intolerant of shade. Salix Alba or White Willow's floral region is North America US Lower 48 and Alaska, specifically in the states of Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Salix
  • Family: Salicaceae
  • Order: Salicales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (I) CAN (I)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACW- FACW
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACW) 2(FACW-) 3(FACW) 4(FACW) 5(FACW) 9(FACW)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: Yes
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: White
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 45
  • Height Mature (feet): 70
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: High
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 4.5
  • pH (Maximum): 7.8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 300
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 300
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 20
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 90
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 24
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -33
  • Bloom Period: Early Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: No
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Slow


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