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Water Locust (Gleditsia aquatica)

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Gleditsia Aquatica, or more commonly know as Water Locust, is a tree shrub with green foliage and green flowers of the genus Gleditsia. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 40 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring, blooms during mid summer and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Gleditsia Aquatica or Water Locust's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee and Texas.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Gleditsia
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Order: Fabales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • State T/E Status: IN (E) KY (SC)
  • State T/E Common Name: IN (water-locust) KY (water locust)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(OBL) 2(OBL) 3(OBL) 6(OBL)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring
  • Allelopath: No
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Green
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 60
  • Height Mature (feet): 40
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Nitrogen Fixation: Low
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: Slight
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: None
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 207
  • pH (Minimum): 6
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 320
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 640
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 16
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 68
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 36
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 27
  • Bloom Period: Mid Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Low
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Winter
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 3000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Slow




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