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Virginia Threeseed Mercury (Acalypha virginica)

  • Virginia Threeseed Mercury (Acalypha Virginica) http://www.sagebud.com/virginia-threeseed-mercury-acalypha-virginica
    Credit: Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth, TX. | USDA | License: PD USDA
  • Virginia Threeseed Mercury (Acalypha Virginica) http://www.sagebud.com/virginia-threeseed-mercury-acalypha-virginica
    Credit: Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 458. | USDA | License: PD USDA
  • Virginia Threeseed Mercury (Acalypha Virginica) http://www.sagebud.com/virginia-threeseed-mercury-acalypha-virginica
    Credit: Steve Hurst @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database | USDA | License: PD USDA
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Acalypha Virginica, or more commonly know as Virginia Threeseed Mercury, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and red flowers of the genus Acalypha. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 3 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is spring summer fall, blooms during early summer, is somewhat tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Acalypha Virginica or Virginia Threeseed Mercury's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Vermont.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Acalypha
  • Family: Euphorbiaceae
  • Order: Euphorbiales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: N'EAST SWSS
  • State T/E Status: CT (SC) ME (PX) NH (T) NY (E)
  • State T/E Common Name: CT (Virginia copperleaf) ME (three-seeded mercury) NH (three-seeded mercury) NY (Virginia three-seeded mercury)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: UPL FACU
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACU-) 2(FACU-) 3(FACU) 4(FACU-) 5(FACU-) 6(UPL*) C(NI*)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring Summer Fall
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Red
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Red
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 3
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 80
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.9
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 1100
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 4800
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 13
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 6
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 33
  • Bloom Period: Early Summer
  • Commercial Availability: No Known Source
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 678000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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