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Umbrella-Tree (Magnolia tripetala)

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Magnolia Tripetala, or more commonly know as Umbrella-Tree, is a tree with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Magnolia. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 30 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring, blooms during spring, is tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Magnolia Tripetala or Umbrella-Tree's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Magnolia
  • Family: Magnoliaceae
  • Order: Magnoliales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • State T/E Status: FL (E) IN (E) PA (R)
  • State T/E Common Name: FL (umbrella magnolia) IN (umbrella magnolia) PA (umbrella magnolia)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACU FAC
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACU) 2(FAC) 3(FAC-) 6(FAC)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: Yes
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Red
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 30
  • Height Mature (feet): 30
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: High
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 160
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5
  • pH (Maximum): 7.5
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 1746
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 3450
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 40
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 12
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -3
  • Bloom Period: Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Contracting Only
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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