Grow Your Garden


Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

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  • Sugarcane (Saccharum Officinarum) http://www.sagebud.com/sugarcane-saccharum-officinarum
    Credit: Jack Delano, photographer. |
    This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs Division under the digital ID fsa.8c35555This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

    English | Français | +/? | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
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Saccharum Officinarum, or more commonly know as Sugarcane, is a graminoid with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Saccharum. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 12 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during late winter and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Saccharum Officinarum or Sugarcane's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands

  • Category: Monocot
  • Genus: Saccharum
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Order: Cyperales
  • Class: Liliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Graminoid
  • Native Status: L48 (I) PR (I) VI (I)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACU
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 2(FACU) C(NI*) H(FACU)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Rapid
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: Yes
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Bunch
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 12
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: Yes
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Semi-Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: High
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 365
  • Hedge Tolerance: High
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 4
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 4800
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 11000
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 40
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 80
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 24
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 17
  • Bloom Period: Late Winter
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Winter
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: Yes
  • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes
  • Propagated by Tubers: Yes
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Moderate




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