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Smooth Yellow Vetch (Vicia lutea)

  • Smooth Yellow Vetch (Vicia Lutea) http://www.sagebud.com/smooth-yellow-vetch-vicia-lutea
    Credit: Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, USA |
    This image is at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.
    | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Smooth Yellow Vetch (Vicia Lutea) http://www.sagebud.com/smooth-yellow-vetch-vicia-lutea
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: PD Old
VILU2.jpg

Vicia Lutea, or more commonly know as Smooth Yellow Vetch, is a vine forb/herb with dark green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Vicia. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 2 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during spring and is intolerant of shade. Vicia Lutea or Smooth Yellow Vetch's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of New York and Vermont.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Vicia
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Order: Fabales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual
  • Growth Habit: Vine Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (I)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: None
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: Low
  • C:N Ratio: Low
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Dark Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Moderate
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Black
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 2
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Nitrogen Fixation: High
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Decumbent
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: None
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: None
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 110
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.5
  • pH (Maximum): 6.9
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 32
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 58
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 10
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -23
  • Bloom Period: Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 40000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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