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Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis pubescens)

  • Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis Pubescens)
    Credit: Stan Shebs | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis Pubescens)
    Credit: user:pompilid | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis Pubescens)
    Credit: user:pompilid | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5

Prosopis Pubescens, or more commonly know as Screwbean Mesquite, is a tree shrub with green foliage of the genus Prosopis. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 25 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring summer fall, blooms during early spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Prosopis Pubescens or Screwbean Mesquite's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas and Utah.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Prosopis
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Order: Fabales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • State T/E Status: AZ (HR SA)
  • State T/E Common Name: AZ (screwbean mesquite)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FAC FACW-
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 6(FAC+) 7(FACW-) 8(FAC) 0(FAC)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring Summer Fall
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: Yes
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 10
  • Height Mature (feet): 25
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 200
  • Hedge Tolerance: High
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 7.5
  • pH (Maximum): 9
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 50
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 1200
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 6
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 15
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 24
  • Salinity Tolerance: High
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -3
  • Bloom Period: Early Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 14000
  • Seed Spread Rate: None
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None

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