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Scarlet Monkeyflower (Mimulus cardinalis)

  • Scarlet Monkeyflower (Mimulus Cardinalis) http://www.sagebud.com/scarlet-monkeyflower-mimulus-cardinalis
    Credit: Bouba at fr.wikipedia | photo by Bouba | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Scarlet Monkeyflower (Mimulus Cardinalis) http://www.sagebud.com/scarlet-monkeyflower-mimulus-cardinalis
    Credit: Image by William & Wilma Follette at US Department of Agriculture–National Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database (USDA NRCS 1992) | Rodríguez-Gironés MA, Santamaría L: Why Are So Many Bird Flowers Red? PLoS Biol 2/10/2005: e350. http://dx.doi.org/10... | License: CC-BY-2.5
  • Scarlet Monkeyflower (Mimulus Cardinalis) http://www.sagebud.com/scarlet-monkeyflower-mimulus-cardinalis
    Credit: Mike | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Scarlet Monkeyflower (Mimulus Cardinalis) http://www.sagebud.com/scarlet-monkeyflower-mimulus-cardinalis
    Credit: Mike | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Scarlet Monkeyflower (Mimulus Cardinalis) http://www.sagebud.com/scarlet-monkeyflower-mimulus-cardinalis
    Credit: BernardM | scanned from The Royal Horticultural Society Diary 2004 | License: PD Old
MICA3.jpg

Mimulus Cardinalis, or more commonly know as Scarlet Monkeyflower, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and red flowers of the genus Mimulus. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 2.5 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during spring and is tolerant of shade. Mimulus Cardinalis or Scarlet Monkeyflower's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah and Washington.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Mimulus
  • Family: Scrophulariaceae
  • Order: Scrophulariales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACW OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 7(OBL) 8(OBL) 9(FACW) 0(OBL)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Red
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Rhizomatous
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 2.5
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Medium
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 120
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 6
  • pH (Maximum): 7.2
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 1700
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 4800
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 24
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 45
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 6
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -28
  • Bloom Period: Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Low
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 4000000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None


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