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Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

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  • Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense) http://www.sagebud.com/red-clover-trifolium-pratense/
    Credit: Original uploader was Rasbak at nl.wikipedia | Transfered from nl.wikipedia | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense) http://www.sagebud.com/red-clover-trifolium-pratense/
    Credit: Original uploader was Rasbak at nl.wikipedia | Transfered from nl.wikipedia | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
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  • Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense) http://www.sagebud.com/red-clover-trifolium-pratense/
    Credit: Johann Georg Sturm (Painter: Jacob Sturm) | Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen. | License: PD Old
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TRPR2.jpg

Trifolium Pratense, or more commonly know as Red Clover, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and red flowers of the genus Trifolium. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 2 feet at maturity. Its duration is biennial or bi-annual which means it can grow or bloom twice, in the first year and the following year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during late spring and is intolerant of shade. Trifolium Pratense or Red Clover's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico, specifically in the states of Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Trifolium
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Order: Fabales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Biennial Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (I) AK (I) HI (I) PR (I) CAN (I) GL (I) SPM (I)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: UPL FAC
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACU-) 2(FACU-) 3(FACU+) 4(FACU) 5(FACU) 6(FACU+) 7(NI) 8(FACU) 9(FACU) 0(FACU+) A(FAC) C(NI*) H(UPL)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: High
  • C:N Ratio: Low
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Red
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 2
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Nitrogen Fixation: High
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 120
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 6
  • pH (Maximum): 7.5
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 32
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 65
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 12
  • Salinity Tolerance: Low
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -24
  • Bloom Period: Late Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 272160
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None


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