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Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Vera Buhl | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Vera Buhl | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: A. Masclef | Atlas des plantes de France. 1891 | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Carl Axel Magnus Lindman (1856-1928) | «Bilder ur Nordens F... | License: PD Old PD-Art (PD-old)
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: I.Sá?ek, senior | Own work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: I.Sá?ek, senior | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: I.Sá?ek, senior | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Project6000 | Opera creata dall'uploader (own work by uploader) | License: PD
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    Credit: Henning Leweke, Osnabrück | flickr.com | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
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    Credit: Marco Walker | Foto Personale | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Juan de Vojníkov | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Karduelis | Own work | License: PD-user
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Original uploader was Kurt seebauer at de.wikipedia | Originally from de.wikipedia; description page is/was here. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated-with-disclaimers GFDL-en
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Henry Mühlpfordt | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Henry Mühpfordt | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Hedwig Storch | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Michael Schmalenstroer | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: User:alma | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Joadl | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Ji?í Berkovec | Own work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Tappinen | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Tappinen | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Tappinen | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Calimo | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Calimo | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Calimo | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Calimo | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Rosser1954 | Own work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Calauer 14:45, 2 December 2006 (UTC) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Calauer 14:47, 2 December 2006 (UTC) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Taxelson | Own work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Taxelson | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Taxelson | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Danny Steaven | Own work | License: CC-BY-1.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Danny Steaven | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Original uploader was Walter J. Pilsak at de.wikipedia. Uploaded to Commons by Körnerbrötchen. | Originally from de.wikipedia; description page is/was here. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Ori ginal uploader was Walter J. Pilsak at de.wikipedia. Uploaded to Commons by Körnerbrötchen. | Originally from de.wikipedia; description page is/was here. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Eleferen | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Vytauto | Own work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Schmidti at de.wikipedia Later version(s) were uploaded by Wikipeder at de.wikipedia. | Selbst fotografiert. Originally from de.wikipedia; description page is/was here. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Innocenti.rob | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Original uploader was Field Researcher at de.wikipedia(Original text : Field Researcher) | Originally from de.wikipedia; description page is/was here.(Original text : selbst fotografiert) | License: PD-user
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: böhringer friedrich | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: böhringer friedrich | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: böhringer friedrich | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Jens58 | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Pierinut | Opera creata dall'uploader (own work by uploader) | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Henry Mühlpfordt | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Henry Mühlpfordt | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Henry Mühlpfordt | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Heinz Seehagel (= HaSee) | Own work | License: PD-user
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Bjoertvedt | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Bjoertvedt | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Tola69 | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Johann Jaritz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Johann Jaritz | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Johann Jaritz | Own work | License: PD Old
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: User:Kilom691 | Original book source: Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, GermanyPermission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt StueberSource: www.biolib.de | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL PD Old
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: User:Kilom691 | Original book source: Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, GermanyPermission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt StueberSource: www.biolib.de | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Insidderr | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: noebse | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: noebse | Own work | License: PD Old
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: mako from Kangasala, Suomi (Finland) | kuusenkerkkä | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: André Mouraux from Brussels, Belgium | Lac des Chavonnes | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Brdy-res publica | O wn work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Original uploader was Preslav at en.wikipedia | http://upload.wikime... | License: PD-user
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Daryona | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Steve Weaver | Misty reflections at... | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Joadl (all honors to ROAD) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Joadl (all honors to ROAD) | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Steve Weaver | Morning reflections | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Thomas Klein-Hitpaß (= User Rototom) | fotografiert von Thomas Klein-Hitpaß | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Sarah777 | Own work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: MONGO | Own work | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: MONGO | Own work | License: PD-user
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: MONGO | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Sandivas | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Sandivas | Own work | License: CC-BY-2.5 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Adamantios | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Adamantios | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Sten Porse | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Sten Porse | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Sten Porse | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Tocekas | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Matasg | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Speifensender | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Speifensender | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Tilo Podner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: Tilo Podner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: T. Axelson | Scanned by myself | License: PD
  • Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) http://www.sagebud.com/norway-spruce-picea-abies
    Credit: T. Axelson | Scanned by myself | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
PIAB.jpg

Picea Abies, or more commonly know as Norway Spruce, is a tree with dark green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Picea. It has a slow growth rate and a height of 130 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during mid spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Picea Abies or Norway Spruce's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Connecticut, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Gymnosperm
  • Genus: Picea
  • Family: Pinaceae
  • Order: Pinales
  • Class: Pinopsida
  • Division: Coniferophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (I) CAN (I)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Dark Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Slow
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 35
  • Height Mature (feet): 130
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Climbing
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Hedge Tolerance: High
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 300
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 700
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 24
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 28
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -38
  • Bloom Period: Mid Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 64000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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