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Missouri River Willow (Salix eriocephala)

Missouri River Willow (Salix Eriocephala) http://www.sagebud.com/missouri-river-willow-salix-eriocephala
Credit: Forest & Kim Sta... | Plants of Hawaii, Image 080209-2701 from http://www.hear.org/... | License: PD USDA
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Salix Eriocephala, or more commonly know as Missouri River Willow, is a tree shrub with green foliage and green flowers of the genus Salix. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 52 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring, blooms during spring and is tolerant of shade. Salix Eriocephala or Missouri River Willow's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Salix
  • Family: Salicaceae
  • Order: Salicales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • State T/E Status: FL (E)
  • State T/E Common Name: FL (heart-leaved willow)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACW
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACW) 2(FACW) 3(FACW) 4(FACW) 5(FACW) 0(NI*)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring
  • Allelopath: No
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Green
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Rhizomatous
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 40
  • Height Mature (feet): 52
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: High
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 95
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 4
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 300
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 700
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 20
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 50
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 20
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -38
  • Bloom Period: Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Moderate


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