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Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

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Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi, or more commonly know as Kinnikinnick, is a subshrub shrub with dark green foliage and purple flowers of the genus Arctostaphylos. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 0.5 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during late spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi or Kinnikinnick's floral region is North America US Lower 48 and Alaska, specifically in the states of Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Arctostaphylos
  • Family: Ericaceae
  • Order: Ericales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Subshrub Shrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N) AK (N) CAN (N) GL (N) SPM (N)
  • State T/E Status: IA (E) IL (E) IN (R) OH (PRX) PA (X)
  • State T/E Common Name: IA (bearberry) IL (bearberry) IN (bearberry) OH (bearberry) PA (bearberry manzanita)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: UPL FACU
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(NI) 3(UPL) 4(FACU-) 5(FACU) 7(UPL) 8(UPL) 9(FACU-) 0(FACU-) A(UPL)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: Yes
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Purple
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Dark Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Red
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Multiple Stem
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 0.5
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Prostrate
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 140
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Low
  • pH (Minimum): 5.5
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 1746
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 10912
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 14
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 45
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 10
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -33
  • Bloom Period: Late Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: No
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 42400
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Moderate




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