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Field Mustard (Brassica rapa)

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Brassica Rapa, or more commonly know as Field Mustard, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage of the genus Brassica. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 3 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is spring summer fall, blooms during late spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Brassica Rapa or Field Mustard's floral region is North America US Lower 48, Alaska and Hawaii, specifically in the states of Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Brassica
  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Order: Capparales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual Biennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (I) AK (I) HI (I) CAN (I) GL (I)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: SWSS WSWS
  • Active Growth Period: Spring Summer Fall
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 3
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: High
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: High
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 125
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 5
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 35
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 55
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 12
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -13
  • Bloom Period: Late Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 192800
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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