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Common Periwinkle (Vinca minor)

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Vinca Minor, or more commonly know as Common Periwinkle, is a vine forb/herb with dark green foliage and blue flowers of the genus Vinca. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 0.3 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during early summer and is tolerant of shade. Vinca Minor or Common Periwinkle's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Vinca
  • Family: Apocynaceae
  • Order: Gentianales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Vine Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (I) CAN (I)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: SEEPPC WI
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: Yes
  • Flower Color: Blue
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Dark Green
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Stoloniferous
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 0.3
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Prostrate
  • Toxicity: Moderate
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 130
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Low
  • pH (Minimum): 5.5
  • pH (Maximum): 7.7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 2700
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 19000
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 30
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 8
  • Salinity Tolerance: Low
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -33
  • Bloom Period: Early Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: No
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed Spread Rate: None
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Moderate




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