Grow Your Garden


Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia)

  • Common Blue Violet (Viola Sororia) http://www.sagebud.com/common-blue-violet-viola-sororia
    Credit: Paul Hermans | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Common Blue Violet (Viola Sororia) http://www.sagebud.com/common-blue-violet-viola-sororia
    Credit: Paul Hermans | Own work | License: PD US Government
  • Common Blue Violet (Viola Sororia) http://www.sagebud.com/common-blue-violet-viola-sororia
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Blue Violet (Viola Sororia) http://www.sagebud.com/common-blue-violet-viola-sororia
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Blue Violet (Viola Sororia) http://www.sagebud.com/common-blue-violet-viola-sororia
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Blue Violet (Viola Sororia) http://www.sagebud.com/common-blue-violet-viola-sororia
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Common Blue Violet (Viola Sororia) http://www.sagebud.com/common-blue-violet-viola-sororia
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
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Viola Sororia, or more commonly know as Common Blue Violet, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and purple flowers of the genus Viola. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 0.3 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is spring, blooms during mid spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Viola Sororia or Common Blue Violet's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Viola
  • Family: Violaceae
  • Order: Violales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FAC- FAC
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FAC-) 2(FAC-) 3(FAC-) 4(FAC) 5(FAC) 6(FAC) 9(NI)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Low
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Purple
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Rhizomatous
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height Mature (feet): 0.3
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Semi-Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: High
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 75
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 6
  • pH (Maximum): 7.8
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 11000
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 43000
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 10
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 36
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 6
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -28
  • Bloom Period: Mid Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Slow


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