Grow Your Garden


Carolina Rose (Rosa carolina)

  • Carolina Rose (Rosa Carolina) http://www.sagebud.com/carolina-rose-rosa-carolina
    Credit: Sten Porse | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Carolina Rose (Rosa Carolina) http://www.sagebud.com/carolina-rose-rosa-carolina
    Credit: IvanTortuga | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • Carolina Rose (Rosa Carolina) http://www.sagebud.com/carolina-rose-rosa-carolina
    Credit: Cody Hough | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
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Rosa Carolina, or more commonly know as Carolina Rose, is a subshrub with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Rosa. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 5 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during early summer, is somewhat tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Rosa Carolina or Carolina Rose's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Rosa
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Order: Rosales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Subshrub
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: UPL FACU
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(UPL) 2(FACU) 3(FACU-) 5(FACU) 6(FACU)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Moderate
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Red
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Multiple Stem
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 5
  • Height Mature (feet): 5
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: Low
  • pH (Minimum): 4
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 2728
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 10912
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 25
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 12
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -43
  • Bloom Period: Early Summer
  • Commercial Availability: No Known Source
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Low
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 50000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: Moderate


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