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Big Quakinggrass (Briza maxima)

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Briza Maxima, or more commonly know as Big Quakinggrass, is a graminoid with green foliage of the genus Briza. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 2 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is fall winter and spring, blooms during spring, is intolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Briza Maxima or Big Quakinggrass's floral region is North America US Lower 48 and Hawaii, specifically in the states of California, Colorado, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Monocot
  • Genus: Briza
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Order: Cyperales
  • Class: Liliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual
  • Growth Habit: Graminoid
  • Native Status: L48 (I) HI (I) CAN (I)
  • Active Growth Period: Fall Winter and Spring
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: Yes
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Multiple Stem
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 2
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 90
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.8
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 12
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 40
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 10
  • Salinity Tolerance: Low
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 47
  • Bloom Period: Spring
  • Commercial Availability: No Known Source
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 80000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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