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Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Mkauffmann | Own work | License: PD US FWS
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Mkauffmann | Own work | License: PD US FWS
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, United States | This image is at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service. | License: CC-BY-3.0-US
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester, PA. | [1] | License: PD USDA NRCS
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 63. | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: abdallahh from Montréal, Canada | Parc national du Can... | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: jbarreiros on Flickr | Flickr | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: dvs on Flickr | Flickr | License: CC-BY-2.0
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, United States | This image is at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service. | License: CC-BY-3.0-US
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, United States | This image is at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service. | License: CC-BY-3.0-US
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: U.S. Geological Survey | Digital representation of "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. [1] | License: PD USGS
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Steve Hurst @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database | http://plants.usda.g... | License: PD US Government
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, United States | This image is at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service. | License: CC-BY-3.0-US
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Cephas | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Cephas | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Cephas | Own work | License: PD
  • Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea) http://www.sagebud.com/balsam-fir-abies-balsamea/
    Credit: Cephas | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
ABBA.jpg

Abies Balsamea, or more commonly know as Balsam Fir, is a tree with green foliage and yellow flowers of the genus Abies. It has a slow growth rate and a height of 60 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during mid summer and is tolerant of shade. Abies Balsamea or Balsam Fir's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Connecticut, Iowa, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Gymnosperm
  • Genus: Abies
  • Family: Pinaceae
  • Order: Pinales
  • Class: Pinopsida
  • Division: Coniferophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N) SPM (N)
  • State T/E Status: CT (E)
  • State T/E Common Name: CT (balsam fir)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FAC FACW
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FAC) 3(FACW)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Slow
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 18
  • Height Mature (feet): 60
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Conical
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 80
  • Hedge Tolerance: Low
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 4
  • pH (Maximum): 6
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 300
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 1200
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 13
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 20
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -43
  • Bloom Period: Mid Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 59840
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Low
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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