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Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis)

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    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
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    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
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    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
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    Credit: Athantor | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
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    Credit: Forest & Kim Sta... | Plants of Hawaii, Image 970603-0268 from http://www.hear.org/... | License: CC-BY-3.0
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Forest & Kim Sta... | Plants of Hawaii, Image 970603-0276 from http://www.hear.org/... | License: CC-BY-3.0
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Forest & Kim Sta... | Plants of Hawaii, Image 980601-4312 from http://www.hear.org/... | License: CC-BY-3.0
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    Credit: Secalinum | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
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    Credit: Pearson Scott Foresman | Pearson Scott Foresm..., donated to the Wikimedia Foundation | License: PD-ScottForesman
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Pearson Scott Foresman | Pearson Scott Foresm..., donated to the Wikimedia Foundation | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
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    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: PD USDA
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    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
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    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
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    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
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    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5
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    Credit: Pasqdnik | Own work | License: PD
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND. | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND. | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 65. | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: File:Cedar_Needles.JPG: Nomadluapderivative work: MPF (talk) | File:Cedar_Needles.JPG (bad filename, misidentified species) | License: CC-BY-3.0
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
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  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND. | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Crusier | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND. | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: W.H.L. @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database | [1] | License: PD USDA
  • Arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) http://www.sagebud.com/arborvitae-thuja-occidentalis/
    Credit: Kasschei | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
THOC2.jpg

Thuja Occidentalis, or more commonly know as Arborvitae, is a tree with green foliage of the genus Thuja. It has a slow growth rate and a height of 50 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during mid spring and is somewhat tolerant of shade. Thuja Occidentalis or Arborvitae's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Gymnosperm
  • Genus: Thuja
  • Family: Cupressaceae
  • Order: Pinales
  • Class: Pinopsida
  • Division: Coniferophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • State T/E Status: CT (T) IL (T) IN (E) KY (T) MA (E) MD (T) NJ (E) TN (SC)
  • State T/E Common Name: CT (northern white cedar) IL (arbor vitae) IN (northern white cedar) KY (northern white-cedar) MA (arborvitae) MD (arbor-vitae) NJ (arborvitae) TN (northern white cedar)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: UPL FACW
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACW) 2(UPL*) 3(FACW)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Fine
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Slow
  • Height at 20 Years Maximum (feet): 25
  • Height Mature (feet): 50
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Conical
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Medium
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: High
  • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Hedge Tolerance: High
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.2
  • pH (Maximum): 7
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 300
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 1200
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 35
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 55
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 30
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -33
  • Bloom Period: Mid Spring
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 345600
  • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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