Grow Your Garden


Annual Wildrice (Zizania aquatica)

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Zizania Aquatica, or more commonly know as Annual Wildrice, is a graminoid with green foliage and green flowers of the genus Zizania. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 9.8 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is spring, blooms during indeterminate and is intolerant of shade. Zizania Aquatica or Annual Wildrice's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia, Vermont and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Monocot
  • Genus: Zizania
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Order: Cyperales
  • Class: Liliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual
  • Growth Habit: Graminoid
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • State T/E Status: OH (T) PA (R) RI (SC)
  • State T/E Common Name: OH (wild rice) PA (Indian wild rice) RI (wild rice)
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: OBL
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(OBL) 2(OBL) 3(OBL) 4(OBL) 5(OBL) 7(NI) 9(OBL) 0(OBL)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: None
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Green
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Black
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Bunch
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 9.8
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: High
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: None
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: Medium
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 95
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: High
  • pH (Minimum): 6.4
  • pH (Maximum): 7.4
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 30
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 50
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 6
  • Salinity Tolerance: Low
  • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 32
  • Bloom Period: Indeterminate
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 11340
  • Seed Spread Rate: Rapid
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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