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American Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)

  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Tubifex | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Karduelis | Own work | License: PD-user
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Magnus Manske | Own work. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Magnus Manske | Own work. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Magnus Manske | Own work. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Magnus Manske | Own work. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Gilbert Bochenek | œuvre personnelle | License: CC-BY-3.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Rabe! | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Ahuja91 | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Ahuja91 | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: User:Gerhard Elsner | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Traumrune | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Dalgial | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Jerzy Opio?a | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0,2.5,2.0,1.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Twdragon | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Twdragon | Own work | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Hmbascom | Own work | License: CC-BY-3.0
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Self work (by id:Avenafatua) | Self work (by id:Avenafatua) | License: PD
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Original uploader was Peter Chapman at en.wikipedia | Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here. | License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated-with-disclaimers GFDL-en
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Original uploader was Peter Chapman at en.wikipedia | Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here. | License: CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated-with-disclaimers GFDL-en
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Original uploader was Peter Chapman at en.wikipedia | Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here. | License: CC-BY-SA-2.0 CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated GFDL
  • American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana) http://www.sagebud.com/american-pokeweed-phytolacca-americana/
    Credit: Flickr.com user "tan... | http://www.flickr.co... | License: CC-BY-2.0
PHAM4.jpg

Phytolacca Americana, or more commonly know as American Pokeweed, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Phytolacca. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 7.3 feet at maturity. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during mid summer, is tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Phytolacca Americana or American Pokeweed's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Phytolacca
  • Family: Phytolaccaceae
  • Order: Caryophyllales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • PLANTS Invasive Status: KY N'EAST NE&GP SWSS
  • National Wetland Indicator Status: FACU+ FAC
  • Regional Wetland Indicator Status: 1(FACU+) 2(FACU+) 3(FAC-) 5(FAC) 6(FAC-) 7(NI) 9(NI) 0(NI)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: Medium
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: Yes
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: White
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Moderate
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Coarse
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Black
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 7.3
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Moderate
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: Slight
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Low
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: High
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Medium
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: High
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 100
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 4.7
  • pH (Maximum): 8
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 30
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 65
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 16
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): -33
  • Bloom Period: Mid Summer
  • Commercial Availability: No Known Source
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: No
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 58000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Rapid
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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