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American Bellflower (Campanulastrum americanum)

American Bellflower (Campanulastrum Americanum) http://www.sagebud.com/american-bellflower-campanulastrum-americanum/
Credit: Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS | http://plants.usda.g... | License: PD USDA NRCS
CAAM18.jpg

Campanulastrum Americanum, or more commonly know as American Bellflower, is a forb/herb (a forb/herb is a non-woody plant that is not a grass) with green foliage and blue flowers of the genus Campanulastrum. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 6 feet at maturity. Its duration is annual which means it grows for one season only. It's active growth period is spring summer fall, blooms during summer, is tolerant of shade and is routinely available commercially. Campanulastrum Americanum or American Bellflower's floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia and Wisconsin.

  • Category: Dicot
  • Genus: Campanulastrum
  • Family: Campanulaceae
  • Order: Campanulales
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Duration: Annual
  • Growth Habit: Forb/herb
  • Native Status: L48 (N) CAN (N)
  • Active Growth Period: Spring Summer Fall
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Slow
  • Allelopath: No
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: No
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistance: No
  • Flower Color: Blue
  • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No
  • Growth Form: Single Crown
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height Mature (feet): 6
  • Leaf Retention: No
  • Lifespan: Short
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Resprout Ability: No
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None
  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: Medium
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Medium
  • Fire Tolerance: None
  • Frost Free Days Minimum: 160
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH (Minimum): 5.5
  • pH (Maximum): 7.5
  • Planting Density per Acre Minimum: 4800
  • Planting Density per Acre Maximum: 11000
  • Precipitation (Minimum): 30
  • Precipitation (Maximum): 60
  • Root Depth Minimum (inches): 8
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature Minimum (°F): 52
  • Bloom Period: Summer
  • Commercial Availability: Contracting Only
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Low
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
  • Propagated by Bare Root: No
  • Propagated by Bulbs: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corms: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: No
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 700000
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: Medium
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None




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